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Penetration Testing Services & Vulnerability Assessment

 

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Vulnerability Analysis is the process of scanning the system for these flaws & loopholes and reporting as a systematic review of all the security weaknesses that exist. Evaluation of the system is done in order to determine if it is susceptible to any known vulnerabilities. Penetration Testing Services is defined as the process of an authorized simulated cyberattack on an information system, performed to evaluate its security & network with various malicious techniques. The weak points of a system are exploited in this process.

vulnerability assessment graphic
mobile application

Mobile Application

web application

Web Application

cloud and network

Cloud and Network

blockchain and smart contract

Blockchain and Smart Contract

How do we conduct a penetration test?

Step 1: Approval with the customer test mode

Test mode – awareness by the performer about the system under test and the level of awareness of the customer about the conduct penetration test. If nobody knows except for managers of information security about the fact of testing for penetration, the goal is to completely simulate the actions of the attacker, acting most quietly, leaving no trace, it is possible to check not only the security of the IT system but the level of operational readiness of specialists of services of information security and IT. If the skilled services of IS and IT informed of conducting the penetration test, the main task – to detect possible vulnerabilities and to evaluate the possibility of penetration into the system.

Step 2: The signing of the contract

The agreement reflects all of the approved conditions of work, conditions of confidentiality of information obtained in the course of testing, and responsibilities of the parties.

Step 3: Implementation of a penetration test services

Penetration testing services –  The customer’s information system takes at least a month of work for a team of auditors in the field of information security. Tools (scanners) are used only at the stage of preparations for the penetration test, as the tools help only in trivial cases when the vulnerability is obvious. Within the penetration test, the auditors conduct a full analysis of all details of the studied object, choose the appropriate attack scenarios taking into account the human factor, and may develop unique software for each specific case in an attempt to penetrate into the information system.

The test, as a rule, is corporate network perimeter external IP addresses and/or websites. In addition to processing checks, an external penetration testing services conducts testing of the ability to penetration into an information system using techniques of social engineering by mailing to the email addresses of the users’ specialized form messages. This broadcast is sent on a pre-agreed with the customer a fixed list of email addresses to employees and at a prearranged time. The functionality of the software is strictly limited by the algorithm that is safe for the customer’s information system.

Importance of web app penetration testing services

Web applications play an immensely important role in the digital domain. End users expect web applications to offer a good amount of functionality and data access while maintaining optimum security. If the developer fails to test and secure its web apps properly, a huge amount of business damage can happen. Today’s cyber defense needs a thorough and realistic understanding of diverse web application security issues. A few web hacking tactics can be learned by anyone, but proper web app penetration testing needs something deeper. In an ideal scenario, the objective of web app penetration testing is to create a secure web application.

How you can perform web app penetration testing?

Web app penetration testing involves guidelines, phases, and rules that are needed to be followed in order to ensure an accurate test. Let’s have a look at the key phases of this testing.

Phase 1

Here the web application needs to be explored for collecting information about the website. You’d need to gain a complete picture of its web environment including its functionality and features. This phase is performed using web proxies, web browsers, web application assessment tools, and exploration scenarios that vary based on the scope of the assessment.

Phase 2

In this phase, vulnerability assessment is performed using a wide array of tools and techniques to simulate different attack scenarios in an authorized and controlled way. The key objective of this phase is to detect and exploit the vulnerabilities of the web application with different approaches. You can perform these simulated attacks as a normal user, privileged user, or non-registered user, among others. Some simulated attack scenarios can be imagined as trying to alter the content of the website in an attempt to trick or deceive a victim, unauthorized access to different parts of the website that are only available to users with proper privilege rights or authenticated users or attempts to retrieve critical information which should only be accessed by a certain group of users, among others. In addition, the status of the particular web server hosting the tested application is also verified for possible misconfiguration that can lead to security flaws, which can be exploited by a hacker.

Phase 3

This is the final phase where testers analyze the captured data, collect the necessary pieces of evidence of different activities (like screenshots, custom develop scripts, proof-of-concept pieces of code etc) performed by them and generate a final report of the test results. This report provides important insights on the found vulnerabilities, and explains the risks as well as their impact on the application and/or the end users. It also provides a numeric risk score which demonstrates the severity of the vulnerability. In addition, recommendations on the best ways to prioritize and fix those vulnerabilities are mentioned in this report.

Web app penetration testing methodologies

The methodology can be referred to as a set of security industry guidelines on the method based on which the testing should be performed. There’re some well-established standards and methodologies that can be used for web app penetration testing. However, as each web application needs different kinds of tests to be performed, testers can develop their own methodologies by referring to the methodologies and standards available in the market.

Some of the common test scenarios include SQL Injection, Cross Site Scripting, File Upload Flaws, Broken authentication and session management, Security Misconfigurations, Caching Server Attacks, Password Cracking, Cross-Site Request Forgery, among others.

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